Jaina names of the suks.ma kaya-s ('subtle bodies')


Jaina nomenclature

Astika nomenclature

Audarika 'gross body' [\udara\ 'generous, munificent; honest, sincere']

Anna-maya-kos`a (\anna\ 'food' is digested in the stomach)

Jivika ('long-living') [\jiva\ 'life']

Pran.a-maya-kos`a {\pran.a\ 'breath' of life}

Taijasa ('luminous, brilliant, splendid') [\tejas\ 'tip of flame; splendor']

Manas-maya-kos`a

KARmAN.A ('magic, sorcery') [\karma[n]\ 'special duty, oblibation'\]

Vi-jn~ana-maya-kos`a [also known as KARAN.A 'causal']

A-haraka ('fetching, procuring, bringing') [\haraka\ 'seizing, captivating; string of pearls']

A-nanda-maya-kos`a

Vai-kriya ('resulting from (or subject to) change') [/vikriya/ 'change']

Siddha-kaya

http://www.hinduwebsite.com/sacredscripts/jainscripts/5bodies.asp


{It may be the Vat.ula (Baul) heart-dwelling thumb-sized self-entity : aharaka is said to be diminutive in body-size; and S`akya-muni's cela A-nanda is said to have shrunken his body in order to fit through a keyhole. "Ananda reports to Buddha about ... shooting ... a very minute key-hole" (EB&Bh, p. 496); and Ananda himself became able to ("WDhLFSC") "Climb in through the keyhole." Cf. also the Black Wolf-god who, when he "made himself small" (F-LMI, p. 3), was dreamt of by Hot Hand. Black Wolf-god, who stole back his pelt from Hot Hand = Sumerian mythic serpent who stole the herb of rejuvenation from Bilgames^; while Hot Hand's comrade Cold Hand = Bilgames^'s comrade Enkidu, whose hand became stuck in a door-jamb.}

EB&Bh = Kashi Nath Upadhyaya : Early Buddhism and the Bhagavadgita. Delhi, 1971. https://books.google.com/books?id=JBbznHuPrTYC&pg=PA496&lpg=PA496&dq=

"WDhLFSC" = "Wonderful Dharma Lotus Flower Sutra, Commentary to", cap. 1. http://www.cttbusa.org/dfs1/dfs1.asp

F-LMI = Maria Alicia Owen : Folk-Lore of the Musquakie Indians. London : Nutt, 1904. https://archive.org/stream/folkloremusquakie00owenrich/folkloremusquakie00owenrich_djvu.txt

{Vai-kriya is said to be bodily expansive : cf. the Musquakie belief that (F-LMI, p. 94, quoted in "RAF-L", p. 145) "a suicide's soul explodes."}

"RAF-L" = "Record of American Folklore". J OF AMER FOLK-LORE 17 (1904):144-55. https://books.google.com/books?id=U5cqAAAAYAAJ&pg=RA1-PA145&lpg=RA1-PA145&dq=