Jaina & Taoist names of the suks.ma kaya-s ('subtle bodies')

Jaina nomenclature

Astika nomenclature

Taoist nomenclature

Audarika 'gross body' [\udara\ 'generous, munificent; honest, sincere']

Anna-maya-kos`a (\anna\ 'food' is digested in the stomach)

[opalescent, color shifting with weather]

Jivika ('long-living') [\jiva\ 'life']

Pran.a-maya-kos`a {\pran.a\ 'breath' of life}


Taijasa ('luminous, brilliant, splendid') [\tejas\ 'tip of flame; splendor']



KARmAN.A ('magic, sorcery') [\karma[n]\ 'special duty, oblibation'\] s`arira 'skeleton' "At the time of death, the soul is accompanied by this body for the next birth. It leaves the present physical (Audaric) body behind."

Vi-jn~ana-maya-kos`a [also known as KARAN.A 'causal']


A-haraka ('fetching, procuring, bringing') [\haraka\ 'seizing, captivating; string of pearls']

A-nanda-maya-kos`a (\a-nanda\; \nanda\ 'joy; name of divine bull in Go-loka')


Vai-kriya ('resulting from (or subject to) change') [/vikriya/ 'change'] "This body can be obtained by human being by practicing yoga, meditation, etc. With this body one can transform his body into a very small or a large size."

Siddha-kaya : body obtained by siddha (perfected saint)


"Five Bodies and Eight Vargnas". (Compiled by Pravin K. Shah, Jain Study Center of North Carolina) http://www.hinduwebsite.com/sacredscripts/jainscripts/5bodies.asp

{The skeletal view of women's bodies as observed by the buddha; and perhaps likewise the transparent-bodied (except for their non-transparent bone-marrow) h.uwriy women in Muslim Paradise, are apparently instances of the "causal body". Its general transparency may indicate it to be the quartz body of Taoist practitioners.}

{The golden cord extending from the mental body into the astral body, would indicate the golden body of Taoist practitioners.}

{It may be the Vat.ula (Baul) heart-dwelling thumb-sized self-entity = aharaka, said to be "very small in size" and "can travel to the other part of the universe"; cf how S`akya-muni's cela A-nanda is said to have shrunken his body in order to fit through a keyhole. "Ananda reports to Buddha about ... shooting ... a very minute key-hole" (EB&Bh, p. 496); and Ananda himself became diminutive in body-size, able to ("WDhLFSC") "Climb in through the keyhole." Cf. also the Black Wolf-god who, when he "made himself small" (F-LMI, p. 3), was dreamt of by Hot Hand. Black Wolf-god, who stole back his pelt from Hot Hand = Sumerian mythic serpent who stole the herb of rejuvenation from Bilgames^; while Hot Hand's comrade Cold Hand = Bilgames^'s comrade Enkidu, whose hand became stuck in a door-jamb. Aharaka, in its signification of 'string of pearls' may be the pearly body of Taoist practitioners.}

{The vai-kriya 'subject to change' body may indicate the adamantin body of Taoist practitioners, for its color must shift with change in the angle between (1) an observer viewing it, and (2) current position of the sun or of other source of illumination.}

EB&Bh = Kashi Nath Upadhyaya : Early Buddhism and the Bhagavadgita. Delhi, 1971. https://books.google.com/books?id=JBbznHuPrTYC&pg=PA496&lpg=PA496&dq=

"WDhLFSC" = "Wonderful Dharma Lotus Flower Sutra, Commentary to", cap. 1. http://www.cttbusa.org/dfs1/dfs1.asp

F-LMI = Maria Alicia Owen : Folk-Lore of the Musquakie Indians. London : Nutt, 1904. https://archive.org/stream/folkloremusquakie00owenrich/folkloremusquakie00owenrich_djvu.txt

{Vai-kriya is said to be bodily expansive : cf. the Musquakie belief that (F-LMI, p. 94, quoted in "RAF-L", p. 145) "a suicide's soul explodes."}

"RAF-L" = "Record of American Folklore". J OF AMER FOLK-LORE 17 (1904):144-55. https://books.google.com/books?id=U5cqAAAAYAAJ&pg=RA1-PA145&lpg=RA1-PA145&dq=

[corrected (and revised, Taoist aequivalents added) 14 June 2018]